Chandrasekhar Azad Park (British colonial era Alfred Park and informally Company Bagh) is a public park in Allahabad. Built in 1870 to mark Prince Alfred’s visit to the city, with an area of 133 acres, it is the biggest park in Allahabad. It was renamed after freedom fighter Chandra Shekhar Azad, who sacrificed his life here, during the Indian independence struggle in 1931. Originally and still famously the park is known as Alfred Park.
In 1870 old cantonments were transformed into a park when, after the Rebellion of 1857, new areas were developed. The park is situated in the neighborhood of George Town and is surrounded by Tagore Town, Civil Lines and the University of Allahabad. Its coordinates are N25°27’9″,E80°50,51″
Being a big park it has some of very important heritage and recreational sites:
– Chandra Shekhar Azad Memorial, where Azad sacrificed his life.
– Victoria Memorial – Large canopy made of Italian limestone, dedicated to Queen Victoria. It was opened on 24th of March 1906 by James Digges La Touche. The canopy once sheltered a huge statue of Queen Victoria which was later removed.
Prayag Sangeet Samiti, a music training institute – is an institute imparting education in Hindustani Classical music, in Allahabad, India. It awards its own diplomas and certificates. It was established in 1926. The major aim of this organization is to propagate various vocal and instrumental music streams that are widely recognized by state governments, universities and educational bodies. In 2007, it started awarding degrees and diplomas in Minor Subjects also. The Institute is mainly concentrated in North India and has given never dying artists from the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Bihar and other north-eastern state.
Madan Mohan Malviya Stadium – is a stadium in Allahabad, India. It is used by Uttar Pradesh cricket team for their domestic matches. It is named after famous Indian freedom fighter “Madan Mohan Malaviya”. The stadium was formerly known as Alfred Park.
Thornhill Mayne Memorial – Allahabad Public Library also known as Thornhill Mayne Memorial is a public library situated at Alfred Park in Allahabad. Established in 1864, it is the biggest library in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The building designed by Richard Roskell Bayne is a remarkable example of Scottish Baronial architecture. The monument has served as the house of legislative assembly in British era when Allahabad was the capital of United Provinces. In 1879, the Public library was shifted to the present premises at Alfred Park.
The library has an approximate collection of 125,000 books, 40 types of magazines and 28 different newspapers in Hindi, English, Urdu and Bangla and contains 21 Arabic manuscripts. It also has a collection of old government publications, parliamentary papers, and blue books of the 19th century, old manuscripts and journals.
The building known as Thornhill Mayne Memorial is situated at Alfred Park and was designed by Richard Roskell Bayne in Scottish Baronial architecture with sharp pillars and turrets of granite and sandstone. It represents structural polychromy with lofty towers and arcaded cloisters. When completed in 1870, the building cost approx. INR 94,222. It was funded by Commissioner of Allahabad, Mr. Mayne and was opened as a memorial to Cuthbert Bensley Thornhill.
Being the biggest park, it attracts a large amount of people. according to an estimate, approx 5000 people visit this park in duration of 4:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.