The Allahabad educational system is distinct from Uttar Pradesh’s other cities, with an emphasis on broad education. Board of High School and Intermediate Education Uttar Pradesh, the world’s biggest examining body, is headquartered in the city. Although English is the language of instruction in most private schools, government schools and colleges offer Hindi and English-medium education. Schools in Allahabad follow the 10+2+3 plan. After completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in higher secondary schools affiliated with the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education, the ICSE or the CBSE and focus on liberal arts, business or science. Vocational programs are also available.

Allahabad attracts students from throughout India. As of 2017, the city has one central university, one State Universities, three deemed universities and an open university. Allahabad University, founded in 1876, is the oldest university in the state. Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad is a noted technical institution. Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences is an ‘A-grade’, deemed university with global standards. Other notable institutions in Allahabad include the Indian Institute of Information Technology – Allahabad; Motilal Nehru Medical College; Ewing Christian College; Harish-Chandra Research Institute; Govind Ballabh Pant Social Science Institute; Allahabad State University and Institute of Engineering and Rural Technology.