Allahabad is served by Allahabad Airport (IATA: IXD, ICAO: VIAL), which began operations in February 1966. The airport is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from the city centre and lies in Bamrauli, Allahabad. Air India’s regional arm Alliance Air connects Allahabad to Delhi. Other nearby airports are in Varanasi, Lucknow and Kanpur.

Allahabad Junction is one of the main railway junctions in northern India and headquarters of the North Central Railway Zone. The Seven major railway stations in Allahabad are Allahabad Junction, Subedarganj railway station, Naini Railway Station and Cheoki Junction railway station under North Central Railways whereas Prayag Junction railway station under Northern Railways and Allahabad City railway station at Rambagh and Daraganj Station under North Eastern Railways. The city is connected to most other Uttar Pradesh cities and major Indian cities such as Kolkata, New Delhi, Hyderabad, Patna, Mumbai, Visakhapatnam, Chennai, Bangalore, Guwahati, Thiruvananthapuram, Pune, Bhopal, Kanpur, Lucknow and Jaipur.

Buses operated by Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) and Allahabad City Transport Service are an important means of public transport for travelling to various parts of the city,state and outskirts. Auto Rickshaws have been a popular mode of transportation. Cycle rickshaws are the most economical means of transportation in Allahabad along with e-rickshaws. National Highway 19 (old number: NH 2) connecting to Delhi and Kolkata, National Highway 35 connecting to Mirzapur, Jhansi and Udaipur (old number :NH 76 and 76E merged), National Highway 30 (old number:NH 24B and 27 merged) connecting to Lucknow, Rewa and Southern India and National Highway 330 (old number: NH 96) connecting to Sultanpur-Faizabad runs through the city. India’s longest cable-stayed bridge, the New Yamuna Bridge (built 2001–04), is located in Allahabad and connects the city to the suburb of Naini across the Yamuna. The Old Naini Bridge now accommodates railway and auto traffic. A road bridge across the Ganga also connects Allahabad and Jhusi. National Waterway 1, the longest Waterway in India, connects Allahabad and Haldia. A Metrorail project for the city covering the entire metropolitan region is also underway.

The city generates 5,34,760 kg of domestic solid wastes everyday, while per capita generation of waste is 0.40 kg per day. The sewer service areas are divided into nine zones in the city. Allahabad Municipal Corporation oversees the solid waste management project. Allahabad was the first city to get pre-paid meters for electricity bill in Uttar Pradesh. The city is equipped with over 40 CCTVs at major crossings and markets. Also Allahabad was declared as a smart city in the year 2015 and the funds were provided by the United States of America.